Daudi Frank enters Radio 5’s Arusha studios wearing a baggy turtleneck sweater. His trousers are stained with dirt, his plastic sandals caked with mud. The sixteen-year-old squeezes in his thin frame beside other young people from the youth outreach group Mkombozi [Saviour].
Linus Kilembu is the host of the radio program Mlango wa watoto [Children’s door]. He welcomes kids on his program every week. Mr. Kilembu asks Daudi how he copes with living on the streets of Arusha.
Daudi replies, “It’s cold at night sleeping on the stairs at [the] football stadium. But when I wake up in the morning, I listen to the radio and it makes me happy.”
Daudi has lived on the streets for the last five years. His father passed away when Daudi was nine, and his grandmother could not support him. He had no money for school fees, so was forced to leave school. Now, he makes his way every morning to Soku kuu, the city’s central market, where he earns a handful of shillings by selling plastic bags and bars of soap.
Daudi says: “I want to learn, so when Mkombozi workers approached me on the street, I joined the mobile school. Then they asked me to speak on the radio. I think I have a talent for broadcasting.”
Leah Kimaro is the program coordinator at Mkombozi, a group that reaches out to youth living on the streets. She recognized that Daudi had confidence in his own expression. So Ms. Kimaro asked him to join Mtandao wa wanahabari watoto Tanzania [Young Reporters Network of Tanzania]. The network was founded by the UN Children’s Fund, or UNICEF, and the South African-based Children’s Radio Foundation. It aims to equip youth across the country with media skills.
Ms. Kimaro says, “Daudi is a special kid. He’s the only one who has lasted up to now in our radio program. Others have dropped out, but he’s continuing.”
The Young Reporters Network empowers youth to make real change in society. With a regular time slot every week on radio stations across the country, young people can on their views on issues like child labour, abuse, and access to education.
Shaban Maganga organizes weekly radio and television programs in Mwanza, a city on the shores of Lake Victoria. Sayari ya watoto [Children’s Planet] airs on Metro FM, while Baraza la watoto [Junior Council] is broadcast on Barmedas TV. The shows are aimed at disadvantaged eight- to sixteen-year-olds.
Mr. Maganga says, “The kids do everything themselves. They record interviews, prepare scripts and edit audio. Then they go live on air and present the program.”
Mr. Maganga is the executive director of Mwanza Youth and Children’s Network, or MYCN. MYCN teamed up with UNICEF to use radio to get young people’s messages to the public, key decision-makers and the government.
UNICEF estimates that radio reaches about 70 per cent of Tanzania’s population. But young people seldom get the opportunity to speak out about their issues, concerns, experiences and interests in a way that engages the general public. According to UNICEF, “The Young Reporters Network gives them that rare opportunity.”
Both Mkombozi and MYCN are running into funding problems as they try to keep the radio shows on the air. Ms. Kimaro says their funding ran out last year, while Mr. Maganga sees a challenge keeping the program going beyond May 2014.
Daudi says: “I hope to go back into the studio soon. I’m interested in kids’ programs because I feel they speak to me as a youth. I admire Linus and wish I could be a radio presenter like him one day.”
For more information, please go to: http://www.unicef.org/tanzania/11436.html
To listen to the young reporters’ programs, visit: https://soundcloud.com/groups/young-reporters-network-wanahabari-watoto
To watch a video about the work that UNICEF does with the Mwanza Youth and Children’s Network, go to: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eeFZlaprQPk